The global gold market is a network of buyers and sellers trading the precious metal in various forms, from grain, sheet, coins and bars, for purposes such as investment, jewelry, and industrial use. This market is driven by supply and demand, with prices influenced by factors such as economic and political uncertainty, inflation expectations, and central bank policies.
Key participants in the global gold market include bullion dealers, retail and institutional investors, central banks, commercial banks, mining companies, and jewelry manufacturers. Central banks, which hold gold as a reserve asset and currency backstop, can impact the market through their buying and selling activities. Commercial banks act as intermediaries between buyers and sellers, facilitating trades through their dealing desks and precious metal vaults. Mining companies extract gold from the earth and sell it to refiners, who in turn sell it to manufacturers and other end users. Jewelry manufacturers make up about 50% of the entire gold market, helping to maintain a healthy floor price for gold.
Gold is often viewed as a hedge against inflation and economic instability, with many individuals and institutions turning to hard assets in response to reckless monetary policy and waning confidence in governments. The global gold market is complex and interconnected, with various participants playing different roles in the supply chain. Understanding these dynamics and participants is crucial for anyone looking to invest in or trade gold, especially when it comes to high-end goods.
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