Mints and Mintmarks - Perth Mint

Author: Ian Davis - Chief Operations Officer

Published: 26 May 2017

Last Updated: 22 Apr 2024


Since 1871, British sovereigns were struck at branch mints, in addition to the Royal Mint in London. The first branch mint to strike sovereigns was Sydney in Australia. It made good sense to produce British sovereigns close to the gold mining source areas, rather than ship the gold to London to be made into coin, then possibly ship it back again.

In 1872, the Melbourne mint followed. The Perth, Australia mint started production of Perth Mint sovereigns in 1899, and the Ottawa mint in Canada started in 1908. The Bombay mint in India struck sovereigns in just one year, 1918, and the Pretoria mint in South Africa started production in 1923.

Perth Mint, Australia


The mintmarks used by the various mints are as follows:

Mint Mintmark First Last
London None 1817 Date
Sydney S 1871 1926
Melbourne M 1872 1931
Perth P 1899 1931
Ottawa C 1908 1919
Bombay I 1918 1918
Pretoria SA 1923 1932

The mintmarks are to be found on the ground above the centre of the date, at least for the Edward VII and George V sovereigns. Many collectors find the mintmarks very difficult to find at their first attempt, but it really is quite easy once you know where to look. It helps of course to use a magnifying glass!

Our photographs show a 1922 Perth Mint sovereign, and a close-up of the date and mintmark (pictures coming soon).

Perth Mint, Australia

The Australian Mint at Perth only struck gold sovereigns for 33 years from 1899 and 1931. Some of these are scarce, some rare.

Dates Produced

Perth Mint sovereigns were produced in the following years:

Date Mintage
1899 690.992
1900 1,886,089
1901 2,889,333
1902 4,289,122
1903 4,674,783
1904 4,506,756
1905 4,876,193
1906 4,829,817
1907 4,972,289
1908 4,875,617
1909 4,524,241
1910 4,690,625
1911 4,373,165
1912 4,278,144
1913 4,635,287
1914 4,815,996
1915 4,373,596
1916 4,096,721
1917 4,110,286
1918 3,812,884
1919 2,995,216
1920 2,421,196
1921 2,314,360
1922 2,298,884
1923 2,124,154
1924 1,464,416
1925 1,837,901
1926 1,313,578
1927 1,383,544
1928 1,333,417
1929 1,607,625
1930 1,915,352
1931 1,173,568
Total 105,694,846


The rarity of each date is not quite in proportion to the mintage figures. Many are thought to have been melted down, some dates being affected more than others. The first year 1899 is often believed to be rare, but is quite easy to find in lower grades. In top grades it is more difficult.

Australian Mintmark Sovereigns For Sale

Rather than duplicate our listing of sovereigns for sale, we include the Australian Mint sovereigns which we have for sale on their appropriate pages, being:

The Perth Mint Today

The Perth Mint is still very active today, even though it stopped striking British sovereigns in 1931. In fact nowadays it is one of the world's most active mints in both bullion and collectors coin, producing gold, silver, and platinum coins for its native Australia, and other countries.

In 2005, it produced a 150th anniversary sovereign commemorating the first Australian sovereigns issued in 1855 by the Sydney Mint.

As major bullion dealers, we are UK Prime Distributors for Perth Mint bullion coins including gold nuggets, gold Chinese lunar calendar coins, silver kookaburras, silver Chinese lunar calendar coins, and silver koalas.

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