The British 1852 Victoria young head shield reverse gold sovereigns were only minted in London. The obverse of the second (large) young head portrait sovereigns was created by William Wyon.
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There was only one type of Victoria shield sovereign struck in 1852; the second (large) young head portrait. The second series Victoria sovereigns were issued from 1848 to 1872. The effigy on the coin is larger and is struck in lower relief than the earlier first (small) young head sovereigns. The legends on the reverse changed position on these shield sovereigns. The 1852 sovereigns were only minted in London, a total of 8,043,435 British gold coins were struck.
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William Wyon designed the obverse of the 1852 sovereign. This design features the second (large) young head portrait of Victoria at just 18 years old when she became queen. This portrait is larger than the first (small) young head sovereigns and the effigy covers more of the coin's surface. Queen Victoria's wavy hair is loosely gathered into a knot and is dressed with a double fillet. The date sits under the portrait and the initials W.W. are shown in relief in the truncation towards the rear.
The Royal Mint engraver, Jean Baptiste Merlen designed the reverse of the 1852 sovereign. This design features the Ensigns Armorial of the United Kingdom shield upon which sits the royal crown. The shield is flanked on both sides by a laurel branch which is tied together with ribbons in a bow. Underneath this bow is a small display of a rose, a thistle and a shamrock which denotes the England, Ireland and Scotland. Small flower stops are on either side of the display. The legend has changed position.
|Alloy||22 carat gold|
|Actual Gold Weight||0.2354 Troy oz|
|Obverse Designer||William Wyon|
|Reverse Designer||Jean Baptiste Merlen|